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Nasmeh House in Kelardasht, Iran designed by A&T Group

Project name:
Architecture firm:
A&T Group
Kelardasht, Mazandaran, Iran
Tools used:
Autodesk 3ds Max, Corona Renderer, Adobe Photoshop
Principal architect:
Armeti Rahmani
Design team:
Mitra Karami, Sarah Seyf & Nasim Hazrati
Built area:
Site area:
Design year:
Completion year:
Mitra Karami
Sarah Seyf
Under Construction
Residential › House

A&T Group: There is a breeze in Nasmeh. The alley of Nosmak is located in Hashikola in Kelardasht which is one of the most untouched and original regions on the hills. Its cloudy sky is one of the prettiest natural scenery in various seasons in the northern territory, and the onerous cold in the winter, is combined with the smoke of firewood. 

There is always a breeze in Nasmeh. On these lands, numerable villas have been constructed. The land of this villa is a section of vast land which has been divided into six land plots that is steep from several directions.

In highlands, Nasmeh includes the breeze and fog. Therefore, the design of the villa has begun by including two triangles in the view direction and the beautiful scenery of the land that one of the triangle views which covers a vaster area is located in the elevation higher than the natural trees of the land.

The objective of this exploit is feeling the beauty of the hills and foggy sky, and the stair-like scenery of the region. Another triangle side defines the entrance part of the villa. Hence, the design of the villa is formed of interior spaces and location of places in different levels of height, in a way that each level has captured a scenery and is combined with the green stair-like space. Intersecting each other, the two triangles segregate the interior spaces, and cause various frames of “space games” between the outer and interior spaces of the villa.

The parking ceiling, (a yard with an outdoor fireplace and beautiful scenery) has a view toward the indoor bio-space of the dining room. In this regard, the vertical circulations of the project play an important role and the slope of the stairs cooperate with the slope of the roof in terms of aesthetics.

Getting access to the rooms is possible from inside and outside of the landscape to define the independent and dependent access, and due to the spatial and cultural privacy of the country, the pool is constructed at the lowest point away from the view of nearby lands. Thelandscape stairs of the project and interior stairs make a close interconnection between outer and interior spaces.

The other effective circulation is the stairs designed on the roof of the second triangle for independent access to the master room, which is a separate and segregated space of the villa, which plays a volumetric game with the outer space and simultaneously with the interior space of the hall. This intervention between volume and stairs is reflected in the ceiling of the TV room, that includes particular spaces for seclusion and frames people's movement, their reading books and passing. Additionally, the circulation and the green space on the roof of Nasmeh Villa is a space for inhaling the foggy sky and the smell of burnt firewood in the region, sitting and smoking cigarettes on the stairs and staring at the clean sky and grazing cattle and people’s movement.

Regardless of mere functionality, the stairs in this villa paly a spatial and formic role. The stair that connects the hall space to the master room, segregates a space for taking advantage of the fireplace heat and individuals sitting next to each other for communication.

The duality between the glass and the rigid space of the stairs on both sides, the duality of the design of master room and its erotic nature regarding having or not having privacy, is a reflection of the cultural and life duality of the people from the past village life to today’s modern life. The glassy volume of the stairs surrounds the movement of the characters on the stairs, and the rigid spaces of the stairs play the role of spatial separation and closing the view.

The prevalent materials used in the project is natural and are made of wood or mine stones existing in the region. To control the precipitation and snow on the roof, because of its appropriate slope, the shape of triangle is used to conduct the water, and the steps on the triangular roof are made of stone. These stair-like landscape designs can also be seen in different scales, and in the adjacent area of the pool next to the neighborhood of the land, a stair-like space has been considered to create a green space that ensures the privacy of the villa pool against the neighbor and simultaneously, provides the possibility of seeing and communicating with the neighbor.

The volume of Nasmeh in its neighborhoods has a concealed rigidity to maintain privacy and stop-by spaces for communication, and the glassy walls of the volume are located in parts of the site that do not allow human view to the interior.

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By Naser Nader Ibrahim

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