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Raad Villa in Bumehen, Tehran designed by Babak Abnar

The Iranian architecture firm Babak Abnar has recently completed Raad Villa, a single-family home located in Bumehen city, Tehran Province, Iran.

Architect’s Statement: 

Unlike the traditional architecture that is deeply inspired by spirituality, this villa is designed with the aim of perceiving the bodily experiences. Neither is it reinforced by intellectual stories, backing the design ideas. The goal is to the encounter the habitants’ bodies with the four elements (fire, water, air, earth).The credit of any spiritual epiphany or intellectual discourse that is created in accord with this villa cannot be rewarded to the architect but it is of its habitants’ imagination.

aerial view of the house from above with swimming pool image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

The arid area with a slight slope makes it possible for the eastern and western neighbors to overlook the yard. Therefore, the peripheral walls cannot provide the much needed privacy. In order to provide such necessity, the living spaces are divided into 4+1 blocks to surround the yard. As a result of the interconnection of these blocks the differences between the main and transitional spaces have become exaggerated and hierarchical. That is due to that fact that the spaces between the four blocks (transitional) are of minimum width to allow vegetation to grow nearest to the main spaces.

villa with pool at indoor central courtyard image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

All of the public spaces are located on the ground floor with transparent internal façades are facing each other. This setting creates a possibility for a visual experience in which habitants can get a glimpse of the life happening in the other spaces as if they’re watching a silent movie. This extends to the solid blocks which house the private rooms on its top floor and are dressed by heavy material. This was achieved by taking out slices of the stones and exposing what is beneath. These blocks are just like fictional characters that have lifted up part of their cloth to display mystery to you.

girl with her dog in the living room image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

Furthermore, the intention was to actively encourage constant exposure to at least one element at the time for each person. It begins with the presence of Water in the lap pool and the bedroom’s concrete tub. Wind easily flows through as the low height of transitional space and openness of the 5th block prevent the air entrapment in the central courtyard. Fire originates from the firewood, is lit in the eastern north wing and outside in the 5th block. And finally, earth is feeding the plants near all of the main spaces.

persian gril relaxing next to window with pool view image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

The stones are extracted from a local mine with colors familiar to the context. Even the sharp slanted lines are in harmony with mountains in the back. The tangible arches and niches are the only non-physical extensions to this architecture and are only of sentimental value to the client.

In short, this architecture can be seen as a juxtaposition of the four elements and man and it is meant to be experienced by its habitants’ bodies only. Anything further, is of its users’ abstract and subjective creations.

beautiful Persian girl relaxing on sofa with her dog image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

traditional house with vaulted arch and handmade rugs image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

modern suspended staircase made of wood and concrete image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

wooden staircase image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

persian handmade rug and wooden chair image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

fashionable wooden chair image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

small wooden chair image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

black cushions and white wallsimage © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

arched walls and traditional pendant lamp from Middle East image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

wooden ladder at house next to green door image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

bedroom with terrace image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

sunlight enters the bedroom through window image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

man taking bath next to window image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

man taking bath in a tradition bathtub image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

traditional Persian bathroom image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

blue commode image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

window design image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

corridor with glass windows at both sides image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

villa with stone walls image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

luxury house with pool image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

small tree with red leaves next to stairs image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

persian girl at balcony looking the sunset view image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

roof detail with stone and metalimage © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

house with central courtyard image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

trees grown in front of the stone house image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

Stone House in Tehran Iran image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

lights reflection in pool at night image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

house with pool at night image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

girl walking on stairs at night image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

arched windows at night image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

dining area with pool view image © Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

Perspective Section Perspective Section 

Basement Floor Plan Basement Floor Plan 

Ground Floor PlanGround Floor Plan

First Floor PlanFirst Floor Plan

Roof PlanRoof Plan

Architectural Diagram Diagram 

Section A-ASection A-A

Section B-BSection B-B

East Elevation East Elevation 

West Elevation West Elevation 

South Elevation South Elevation 

 

Project name: Raad Villa

Architecture firm: Babak Abnar 

Principal architect: Babak Abnar

Location: Bumehen city, Tehran, Iran

Built area: 410 m²

Site area: 700 m²

Design year: 2017

Completion year: 2019

Structural engineer: Kalanaki Structural Group

Construction: Sharif Shakeri, Shafa Shakeri

Photography: Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh

Client: Raad Group

Status: Built 


By Naser N. Ibrahim

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