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4 Tips For Choosing The Right Insulation For Your Home

Written by:
Martin Greg
Clinton Murray Architects - Michael Thorpe (cover image)

Insulating your home helps reduce heat loss and, in turn, saves on monthly energy costs. Read on to learn how you can choose the right insulation material.

The construction industry has grown over the years and continues to do so, thanks to ever-emerging innovative ideas. Every year comes with a set of new designs or enhancements in all aspects of construction.

Take, for example, home insulation materials. These are an essential for every home, as they can help keep your home warm when you’re having issues with your Winchester heaters or constantly running into HVAC problems. Home insulation materials have seen significant changes over the past few decades. As advancements continue to shape the construction industry, innovative ideas and expert guidance become invaluable. Renowned tool reviewer and expert, Pratik Sarker, has recently written a comprehensive blog post titled "A Guide to the Best Staple Guns for Insulation." In this blog, ToolsFrame dives deep into the world of staple guns, exploring their importance in the insulation process and highlighting the top choices for achieving optimal results. In his blog, he shares valuable insights into the different types of staple guns suitable for insulation projects. From discussing the importance of selecting the right staple gun for the job to providing recommendations based on performance and user-friendliness, Sarker's expertise shines through. Clothes, old shoes, and newspapers were once the go-to solutions when it came to insulation. However, cellulose, fiberglass, and spray foam have become the most popular alternatives in the modern era.

With this wide array of options, it can be tough to decide on one that best fits your needs. This article aims to make your decision-making process easier and help you avoid any frustrations in the future.

house insulation worker

     1. Choose The Right R-Value

The R-value basically refers to the measurement of a material’s resistance to temperature difference. For instance, if the outside is freezing, an insulator with a high R-value will be able to keep the house as warm as possible. Cellulose, spray foam, and fiberglass have pretty much the same R-value, which means you’ll enjoy the same benefits with any of these options.

It's worth noting, though, that not all spray foams are the same. For instance, the R-value of polyurethane foam is almost twice that of the aforementioned products. The price of this insulator is also nearly double that of the others, and understandably so.

While polyurethane foam can be more expensive, it offers several advantages. It’s not only effective at preventing heat loss but is also durable, easy to install, and resistant to mold and moisture. Additionally, it can increase energy efficiency, reduce noise pollution, and enhance indoor air quality and home value.

But you don’t necessarily have to go for high R-values when you shop for these materials. There is a recommended range for every region depending on the area’s climatic conditions. The lower the outside temperatures, the higher the R-value needed. Before you purchase insulation, it would be best to do research on what the recommended range for your area is. Ensure to check manufacturer’s specifications and seek third-party testing. Numerous reputable organizations test insulation materials, so opt for those with credible backing to make an informed decision.

     2. Consider The Installation Process

The installation process is another factor you must keep in mind when choosing the correct home insulation. Does it require special equipment to install, or is it favorable for people who are into DIY?

It's important to note that there are about five categories of insulation materials: loose-fill, plastic foam, batt-and-blanket, reflective, and rigid boards. Each of these types of insulation has a specific method of installation. The batt-and-blanket variety, for instance, is preferred by many homeowners because it’s affordable and easy to install. Mineral fiber (rock wool fibers or fiberglass) is the main material used in this category. Loose-fill and plastic foam varieties, on the other hand, require the know-how and skills of a professional. Therefore, if you’re looking to make home insulation a DIY project, these two categories should be at the bottom of your list. (1)

However, the installation process doesn’t have to be challenging, especially if you don’t have any first-hand experience. In this case, working with professional installers would be the best decision. Although outsourcing the job can be more costly than a DIY approach, it’s still a better option if you want to get the installation process done correctly and safely. This will allow you to save more money in the long run. 

     3. Speak To An Expert

Insulation of your home may seem simple, but it’s a complex part of construction projects. Therefore, before moving forward with this task, it’s recommended that you get an opinion from an expert. As earlier stated, the R-value and type of insulation material you’ll need depend on your location. Insulation or construction professionals who have been in the field long enough will know which products will or will not work for your home.

You can contact the hydro company in your locality to point you to certified energy advisors (CEA) within your area. Apart from recommending the best material and R-values for your home, a CEA may also estimate how much you’re likely to spend in the process. This way, you’ll be able to choose one that is within your budget range and that meets all your needs.

     4. Consider The Total Costs

After all is said and done, the type of insulation you choose will largely depend on your budget. As mentioned earlier, the batt-and-blanket variety is very popular because it's affordable for most homeowners. There are other categories that offer more benefits, but they are a little more expensive.

So, before you make your final decision, be sure to consider the price of the materials and all related expenses. Keep in mind that categories such as loose-fill and plastic foam will require special tools for the installation process. It’s up to you to decide whether you’ll buy the necessary equipment or pay a professional to do the job—though, of course, the latter might be the best option. (2)

In addition to the types of insulation materials, other factors can influence your home’s insulation costs. For example, the larger the area to be insulated, the more it’ll cost. If the site to be insulated is difficult to access, such as in a tight attic, the insulation cost may be higher. If you live in urban areas, the labor costs may be higher. 

insulation material


House insulation is one of the most effective ways to reduce energy costs and, at the same time, make your home suitable for living through any climatic condition. When choosing the best insulation method, it’s important that you consider the R-value, installation process, and expected total costs. Consulting an expert will also go a long way in ensuring that you don’t face any regrets in the future.

By Liliana Alvarez

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